1. equilibrium and non-equilibrium gross--pitaevskii lattice dynamics: interactions, disorder, and thermalization

Yagmur Kati


4 June 2021 Fri 3.30 pm

                                      IBS Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems (PCS), Administrative Office (B349), Theory Wing, 3rd floor

                                      Expo-ro 55, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea, 34126 Tel: +82-42-878-8633                     

The interplay of fluctuations, ergodicity, and disorder in many-body interacting systems has been striking attention for half a century, pivoted on two celebrated phenomena: Anderson localization predicted in disordered media, and Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou (FPUT) recurrence observed in a nonlinear system. The destruction of Anderson localization by nonlinearity and the recovery of ergodicity after long enough computational times lead to more questions. This thesis is devoted to contributing to the insight of the nonlinear system dynamics in and out of equilibrium. Focusing mainly on the Gross--Pitaevskii (GP) lattice, we investigated elementary fluctuations close to zero temperature, localization properties, the chaotic subdiffusive regimes, and the non-equipartition of energy in the non-Gibbs regime.

Initially, we probe equilibrium dynamics in the ordered GP lattice and report a weakly non-ergodic dynamics, and an ergodic part in the non-Gibbs phase that implies the Gibbs distribution should be modified. Next, we include disorder in GP lattice, and build analytical expressions for the thermodynamic properties of the ground state, and identify a Lifshits glass regime where disorder dominates over the interactions. In the opposite strong interaction regime,  we investigate the elementary excitations above the ground state and found a dramatic increase of the localization length of Bogoliubov modes (BM) with increasing particle density. Finally, we study non-equilibrium dynamics with disordered GP lattice by performing novel energy and norm density resolved wave packet spreading. In particular, we observed strong chaos spreading over several decades, and identified a Lifshits phase which shows a significant slowing down of sub-diffusive spreading.