1. interplay of flat electronic bands with holstein phonos

Chunhan Feng

University of California, Davis, US

4 March 2021 Thu 10 am

                                      IBS Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems (PCS), Administrative Office (B349), Theory Wing, 3rd floor

                                      Expo-ro 55, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea, 34126 Tel: +82-42-878-8633                     

Existing quantum Monte Carlo studies have investigated the properties of fermions on a Lieb (CuO2) lattice interacting with on-site or near-neighbor electron-electron coupling. Attention has focused on the interplay of such interactions with the macroscopic degeneracy of local zero-energy modes, from which Bloch states can be formed to produce a flat band in which energy is independent of momentum. The resulting high density of states, in combination with the Stoner criterion, suggests that there should be pronounced instabilities to ordered phases. Indeed, a theorem by Lieb rigorously establishes the existence of ferrimagnetic order. Here we study the charge density wave phases induced by electron-phonon coupling on the Lieb lattice, as opposed to previous work on electron-electron interactions. Our key result is the demonstration of charge density wave phases at one third and two thirds fillings, characterized by long-range density-density correlations between doubly occupied sites on the minority or majority sublattices, and an accompanying gap. We also compute the transition temperature to the ordered phase as a function of the electron-phonon coupling.